Serengeti National Park

The annual Wildebeest Migration within the Masai Mara and Serengeti Game Reserves is easily the most spectacular Africa wildlife show on the planet. Each year, between August and November, a couple of million wildebeest and zebras move looking for Eco-friendly pasture and water as seasons change, and all this you can see with your own eyes by taking a Tanzania Safari today.

Even though migration timing varies, the optimum time to obtain a peek at the dramatic event is between June and August once the Serengeti-migration-Tanzaniawildebeest gather when preparing to mix the famous Grumeti River. Numerous potential predators for example lions, hyenas, cheetah, leopard and a number of carnivores could be spotted hanging round the area waiting for an opportunity to strike the weak prey.

The wildebeest arrive in  the Masai Mara between August and September, although sometimes they arrive as soon as The summer. The creatures remain around the block between October and November before progressively coming back to Serengeti National Park.  This usually happens between December and The month of January. So book into any of the Tanzania Hotels today to best enjoy this splendid part of the country.

The Masai Mara National Reserve, situated within the southwest Kenya about the border of Tanzania, is easily the most popular game park in Kenya. Even though it is comparatively more compact in dimensions in comparison with other Kenyan nature, Mara hosts an incredible power of Africa Wildlife. Therefore, it is probably the most popular Kenya safari locations.

The nation park edges the Serengeti flat-lands along its southern finish which is nourished through the Mara River. The river has lots of hippos and crocodiles which make the annual Wildebeest Migration a very harmful task. fortunately you can enjoy a night at Serengeti Sopa Lodge to have closer view of the African Animals.

Masai Mara National Reserve can be found 168 miles from Nairobi the capital city Kenya, and it is arrived at by road and air. The journey takes a minimum of 6 hrs with a 4WD vehicle because the streets are very rough and really should be prevented throughout the wet season (April-May) because the streets become impassable.

Due to unhealthy quality of streets, most vacationers prefer flying in to the Masai Mara National Reserve. Regrettably this will make their safari more costly plus they lose out on a few of the thrill of driving an African rose bush. You will find several air carriers offering daily scheduled plane tickets from Wilson Airport terminal in Nairobi towards the Mara a 45 minutes flight.

Serengeti National Park brings to your sight the various animal species that you will not find in the different Zoo or animal sanctuaries across the continent. Spend a comfortable night in Serengeti Serena Safari Lodge to enjoy the glamor and luxury of Serengeti, and it is neighboring Africa wildlife sanctuary – for that absolute happiness of their wildlife experience. It’s so spectacular it warrants additional time to understand more about and take in its entire beauty.

This is actually the kingdom of potential predator species, as the huge herds from the Migration thunder over the flat-lands in numerous amounts.

Not common in other tourist destinations like Lake Manyara, a distinctive method to begin to see the Serengeti National Park is as simple as heat balloon. Departing your lodge found in the heart of Serengeti at 5 am, you will drive through the Serengeti plain. On launching the heat balloon, the sun increases its speed and floating quietly in whichever direction the morning winds  take this device you will ascend occasionally flying at the height of the top of the trees, and at times lower, presenting a distinctive viewpoint and great photo taking possibilities of the African wildlife below. Sometimes, ascend to 1000 meters or even more to determine the enormity and wonderful panorama from the Serengeti. Every once in awhile the pilot must put more warmth in to the balloon using the effective whisper writers. Between these burns, there’s silence aside from natural sounds below.

Inquiries to consider when planning an African safari in Tanzania.

For many of us, the first consideration is cost be it for a Kilimanjaro Safari, Serengeti Safari or any other! The Serengeti isn’t cheap – with park costs alone doubling to US $60 per person daily from The month of January 2006. You will find some lodges that look after budget safaris and when additionally you travel in low season then pricing is reduced substantially.

How long should a Serengeti safari be

The Serengeti alone is really huge! Several weeks might be spent exploring with 5 days put in the central and southern Serengeti or even the central and northern Serengeti with respect to the season may be the minimum time for you to have any real feel or enjoyment for that area. Enjoy wonderful luxurious and well catered accommodation in the various lodge in the park like Mbalageti Serengeti Lodge.

What season is better:

The dry months are through summer to December with short rains in November. The lengthy rains come from March to mid June. However some years we have had more rain such that The month of January and Feb are entirely a wet season. It might be easier if the rains come from November to June having a drier period from December to mid March. Low months are both cheaper and also the park is tight on vacationers. This is dependent on what you would like and also necessitates you working carefully together with your travel company to get maximum help. I’d avoid the end of the summer towards the finish of September as it is too busy.

Getting to Serengeti National Park

Similar to vacationing in Ngorongoro crater, if you’re a seasonal traveler, it is recommended that you arrive here for your Tanzania Safari in Serengeti when it is well organized by a local tour operator. By doing this your itinerary might be more interesting and you’ll certainly cut costs. However should you choose this late summer to September you might be disappointed because the lodges at this time around are fully reserved (in some instances as much as twelve months ahead of time). The most secure choice is to book through Tanzania tours, an agent or a travel company.

To become listed on an organization or perhaps a private safari. Joining an organization is going to be cheaper this being the only real advantage if price is a problem. Always endeavor to possess a vehicle to yourself as it provides you with more privacy, it’s much more relaxing and you will see more versatility using the Serengeti Safari itinerary.

Things to take for a Serengeti Safari

Similar to all Safaris to any popular destinations like Zanzibar Island, it is important that you travel light or dress for lunch. This is dependent on your itinerary and what season you travel. Your travel company provides you with all of this information. The more questions you ask, the more effective will your safari will be. The standard of solutions you obtain from your questions will even indicate how interested your Tanzania tour operator is on the success of your safari verses simply gaining a profit.

One additional remark is to relax throughout your Tanzania safari in Serengeti – remove you watch because you simply won’t  need it. There’s different emergency in Africa – hakuna matata!

Lake manyara National Park

Lake Manyara National Park, Attractions and Accommodation

Lake Manyara National Park is really a small park located in Tanzania worth enjoying a Tanzania Safari. It covers an expanse of 320 square kilometers. The park lies on the foot from the western floor from the Great Rift Valley escarpment. ‘Manyara’ is really a Masai word which refers back to the Euphorbia Tirucalli plant developed into a hedge round the Masai homesteads. About 231 square kilometers of the park is covered by Lake Manyara an alkaline water lake. This alkaline water is a perfect habitat to some large flock of flamingos and also over 400 bird species like the waterfowl.

The conservation of Lake Manyara National Park was aimed at safeguard the tigers. They are presently in large  numbers within this park compared to any other park in Tanzania. Aside from tigers, other African Wildlife generally seen in the park that you many not find in any Zoo range from the tree-climbing lions, cheetahs, the Masai giraffe, hippos, baboons, blue apes and zoysia.

The key reason why lions within this park prefer resting and climbing on trees remains a mystery! A Tanzania safari in this park is fantastic for vacationers with very little time to spare since two hrs are sufficient to tour the entire park. Additionally, the park has a combination of plant life including ground water forest, acacia trees, grass land, a swamp and also the lake itself.

Similar to other tourist sites in Tanzania such as Serengeti National Park, Lake Manyara has attractive scenery which enables vacationers to sit down and relax because they enjoy game viewing. A few of the activities involved with this park include swimming, equine riding, safari walks, taking photos, cycling, cultural activities and canoeing. Furthermore, you can travel to Lake Manyara National Park whenever of the season. Mto Wa Mbu meaning village “bug creek” is simply close to the park where most site visitors pause and buy designs and carvings in the large curio market. It’s however good to bargain for better prices also to avoid overspending.

Accommodation in Lake Manyara

Manyara Safari Lodge  is located close to the park. This lodge offers excellent accommodation and scrumptious food. This lodge has large spacious rooms where one can see the surrounding atmosphere. Dinner is ready and offered on view area built through the Masai. Dining here will give you the opportunity to eat while you watch lions or tigers passing a couple of meters from you. The cooks and guides are very well trained in their work and offer their customers lots of respect. You are able to enjoy Tanzania tours around Lake Manyara Park after which continue your safari towards the Serengeti also to the Ngorongoro Crater.

This lodge on the hill inside of the remote corner of the park, is where you’ll Lake-Manyara-accommodationhave a obvious look at the creatures. Made to reflect the brilliance of Lake Manyara, this luxury lodge is made with spacious sleeping rooms, sitting rooms, available decks and enormous window areas. All sitting rooms have comfortable cozy sofas which offer enough warmth towards the visitors. There’s a personal room where you’ll have a luxurious massage. There’s additionally a wonderful pool where one can relax following a hot day’s adventure. Your meals are also scrumptious to match your taste. Alternatively you can visit the Lake Manyara Tree Lodge for accommodation within the park

Adventure Lake Manyara

A Tanzania safari in Manyara is definitely an experience you’ll cherish forever. For any relatively small area at 125 square miles its diversity rivals every other region in Africa. The land diversity in addition to animal and plant existence diversity makes el born area a popular destination for safari goers who revisit frequently. The mixture of steep mountain-slopes, valleys as well as the Rift Valley soda lake make this one of the most interesting landscapes you will ever in Africa! The initial landscape hosts a variety of creatures and plant existence. You will find even hot springs in the region along with a ground water forest.

Lake Manyara is most likely most legendary for the proven fact that the park was reserve for that upkeep of elephant herds. Actually, the region established fact because of its tigers and tree climbing lions. You heard me right! Tree climbing lions dwell in the spectacular region. No safari in Africa could be complete without seeing a lion or two!

Lake Manyara National Park Wildlife

You will find several other truly African Wildlife living in Manyara. For example, you will probably see vervet and blue apes, Impala and Masai giraffe. Many of these species are actually protected but years back the location would be a favorite of large game predators. Ernest Hemingway was inspired through the vastness of game and verdant landscape and authored “The Eco-friendly Hillsides of Africa” in line with the area.

Similar to other Natural Wonders worth visiting in Tanzania such as Mt Kilimanjaro, Lake Manyara is a destination worth touring. The park is a the place where you will find 1000’s of pink flamingo wild birds which you will never find in any Zoo in the country. While you watch the flamingo wild birds, additionally, you will see many crocodiles and hippo.  The mixture from the large animals, wild birds, reptiles and a number of plant life helps make the park an unforgettable spot to visit.

If you’re a bird person then Manyara is certainly for you personally. For anybody who sets their safari holidays around searching for wild birds the park is definitely an absolute paradise. You will find a lot more than 400 types of wild birds, a lot more than most regions of Tanzania. You will probably see various waterfowl, migrants, and finally, the elegant flamingos, the storks and cormorants! This is among the best stored bird watching secrets in Tanzania and even all Africa and really should take part in anyone’s Tanzania safari travel vacation.

The park can also be famous for its tree climbing lions. You will find only two lion populations on the planet that climb trees and among them is the population situated within Lake Manyara park. Many site visitors tour el born area to witness the lions because they climb the Acacia and Fig trees to escape the warmth of the sun. These lions spend the majority of the day resting on the trees. Other creatures generally seen here range from the zoysia, cheetah, Impala, olive baboons, apes and giraffe.

Manyara is undeniably an excellent spot to see everything African. This Safari in Tanzania offers sights of relaxing lions chilling out in trees, tigers in abundance, apes, tigers and Impalas, and a whole lot! It’s like living your personal National Geographic Television show! Except you’ll be the star, with a few very wild co-stars lol! Certainly a vacation to this region in any of the Tanzania Hotels here provides you with tales and adventures you won’t soon forget or have the ability to recreate elsewhere on the planet.  Fun, excitement and memories await you; Enjoy!

Where is Lake Manyara National Park?

Lake Manyara National Park is definitely an alkaline water lake located in the northern a part of Tanzania, about one . 5 hrs from Arusha town across the recently tarmac appeared road. The park is situated in route towards the Ngorongoro crater and also the Serengeti. This park covers a place of 330 kilometers square which as much as 200 kilometers square may be the lake. This park was established in 1960 to save the elephant population. Being among the littlest park in Tanzania, it boasts an amazing diversity of terrain, wildlife and plants.

When to Visit Lake Manyara National Park.

Game viewing is better throughout the dry season (This summer to October). Throughout this era, visitors on this Tanzania Safari are certain to see many large mammal species. To watch birds, waterfalls and canoeing, November to June is the greatest time. Evening drives are permitted around the block but only if supported by your guide. You will get to this park either by road or have a scheduled flight ticket from Arusha. So as you plan to enjoy a Tanzania safari in any of the wonderful tourist destinations in Tanzania like Zanzibar Island, Lake Manyara National Park is another place worth visiting.

Mount Kilimanjaro -Tanzania: Routes, Facts and Attractions

The regal Mt Kilimanjaro is definitely a legendary picture of Africa along with a transcendent trekking experience. In the sweeping panoramas of flat-lands and forests viewable around its base, towards the sublime connection with the beautiful sunrise from the summit at 5,892 meters, a Kilimanjaro Safari trekking holiday gives adventurous spirits a look at the earth’s vastness and beauty.

It’s obviously among the finest physical challenges you can take. To be able to benefit from the beauty of the landscape you need to prepare accordingly. Prior to going for this Tanzania Safari, make certain you understand these pointers and will also be certain to get the most from your adventure.

Where is Mt Kilimanjaro?

Mount Kilimanjaro is located on the Tanzania’s Northern border and looks out into Kenya just more than 200 miles in the south from the Equator. The mountain is as a dormant volcano except for a few tale signs in the ash pits of fumaroles. Mt Kilimanjaro prides in three spectacular glaciated peaks namely, Shira, Kibo plus Mawenzi.  It rises to 19,341 ft above sea level offering spectacular backgrounds for photographs.

Among the features of Mount Kilimanjaro that have made it exceptional are the various zones that one goes through as they climb Mt Kilimanjaro. To be precise the volcano is actually an Afromontane-Sky Island: in other words, it has a unique wildlife due to the remoteness and altitude of the area and this you will be able to appreciate as you take the various routes such as the Machame-Route. The Kilimanjaro is a haven of several African Wildlife Bird plus Animal species. Therefore don’t forget to bring along your binoculars as well as camera.

Which route on Mount Kilimanjaro?

For a Tanzania Kilimanjaro Safari, consider which route is the best for you.There are 6 distinct paths through which you can climb Mt Kilimanjaro and the Marunga route is the easiest of all lasting about 5 days with night in tents/huts. It necessitates physical fitness to be able to enjoy a Kilimanjaro safari. Fortunately, several people have made it to the summit. Approaching in the south, the most popular Marangu Route is well-worn and may be carried out more rapidly than the others. Its recognition does mean plentiful conveniences and busy pathways, however, that will attract some site visitors and never others.

A stylish alternative may be the Lemosho route, climbing in the west. This can be a less-traveled and therefore more intact Kilimanjaro Safari Tanzania option, that takes more than a few of the others but accordingly makes acclimatisation natural. Plus, using the reduced Lemosho route not just enables you to definitely never, but offers probably the most attractive natural splendor about the mountain you’ll traverse various African wildlife most of which you will never find in any Zoo, wealthy forests and relish the stunning vistas provided by the Shira Plateau before climbing towards the Mt Kili summit.

When you should go?

Unlike other parts areas like Lake Manyara, the Kilimanjaro features its own micro-climate, its size and dense forests and therefore heavy rain fall is typical. The ‘long rains’ run from March to June and also the ‘short rains’ from November to early December. The elements is dependent at the time and altitude along with the season, but you will find drier several weeks: The month of January and Feb would be the most enjoyable, but This summer through September can also be warmer and drier than much of the season. Make sure to pack waterproofs in addition to a hat and sun block to keep the intense sun rays off at thin air. Unlike other Tanzania Safaris to tourist destinations like Zanzibar Island, when going to Mt Kili it is important that you carry along all the necessary hiking gears.

Spend some time on Mt Kili

Individuals who have perhaps the most successful and enjoyable Kilimanjaro Safari trekking encounters are often individuals who pace themselves. Some slight altitude sickness at these levels is difficult to prevent, but could be reduced if you take it gradually and permitting yourself to ultimately acclimatise. Unlike other Tanzania safaris like touring the Serengeti National Park, stay well hydrated and try to walk to some extent greater than that where you plan to rest. Altitude sickness ought to be given serious attention to ensure that it does not ruin your Kilimanjaro Tanzania Safari, so acquaint yourself using the signs and symptoms, for example head aches, and make certain that you simply pay attention to the recommendation of the guide.

Train yourself to Climb Mt Kilimanjaro

Training is twofold – both mental and physical fitness. Physically, train yourself to ultimately endure lengthy, tough walks, trekking inclines and also the weight from the gear that you will be transporting. Also, you should do an overall health check-up prior to going – you won’t want to be coping with unpredicted ailments midway up.

To get ready psychologically, speak with those who have been there or, in the event that’s difficult, read an array of accounts to obtain a concept of the sorts of challenges faced by participants in Mt Kilimanjaro Safari trekking. Keep in mind that treks can push you to definitely the limit, making the pleasure much more exhilarating – as lengthy while you don’t overstretch yourself. Taking care of body and soul along the way will make sure that you possess the magical experience you deserve.

When climbing Kilimanjaro, the choice of a travel company can also be important, considering the fact that climbing can be achieved with no guide. Next, the Tanzania tour operators offer different packages that may include: airfare, accommodation in any of the Tanzania Hotels, travel, equipment, plus much more. There’s no real material reference, but surfing on the web must allow comparison from the range of products making a choice in line with the cost and the other benefits.

You will find several routes towards the summit, and hiking can also be available to children from 10 years. But also for any age, the required time is needed for acclimatization to high altitudes. We should also consider the big temperature amplitudes between your feet from the mountain and it is summit, high might vary from thirty to thirty-three levels minimum throughout your day and a minimum of 15 or twenty levels below zero at sunset. Obviously, the temps decline as you approach the Kilimanjaro summit. These temperature versions are essential and therefore need considering in selecting the time of ascent as well as in the option of the guide.

When is the greatest time for you to climb Kilimanjaro?

Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro can be achieved whatsoever occasions of the season. However, the rains ought to be prevented for apparent logical reasons. The chance of rain falls is frequent and also the rain can surprise walkers at any stage. This is often a real handicap on some streets and also the camping in which the tents replace the deposits. You will find two wet seasons, the very first is between late March and mid June, and also the other from October to late November. The growing season of tours from June to October is questionable. As the weather conditions are good however the trails are crowded and then the houses are frequently full. For individuals seeking peace and escape, this isn’t the optimum time. For individuals who imagine seeing the famous snows of Kilimanjaro. The month of January to March may be the only period that need considering

Choosing the Path to Climb Kilimanjaro

Similar to other destinations like the Ngorongoro Crater, challenging the Kili require a well laid out plan. Mount Kilimanjaro includes three extinct volcanoes. The greatest of these and that is most spoken about today may be the Uhuru Peak. To do this peak, a couple of 5 streets resulting in it would be the usual routes billed by trekkers. The streets are Marangu Road, frequently referred to as Cola Road (a brandname of soda), and also the Machame Road, sometimes known through the term Whisky Road.

The 3 other streets, Shira Road, Rongai Umbwe Road and Road are less crowded because more technically challenging or even more remote access from Tanzania. The Marangu route may be the simplest and quickest with 5 days of climbing. It’s also easier and much more comfortable since it is the only person that may be located in animal shelters, other channels cannot be accomplished in tents. The Machame route, although a little harder to climb, offers spectacular scenery, additionally, it provides an extra day’s climbing, providing you with additional time to acclimatize.

What Preparation to do before Climbing the Kilimanjaro?

Did you simply choose to climb the slopes of Mt Kilimanjaro? Before you decide to attempt this mythical climb, you have to carefully ready your material kits, financially, and not to mention have good physical fitness. The initial step from the material preparation would be to look for information out of your country of departure, there various offers available.

As pointed out above, to succeed on hiking the mountain, it is important that climbers are well guided by experienced guides, with established competence, dependability as well as safety from the various Tanzania Safari Tour Operators. These will offer you the entire service such as booking of air travel tickets, rental of tents and show you through the selection of trekking materials. This can be a large advantage especially if this sounds like the very first time and you don’t speak British well.

You should possess a quality training, and the option of the business shouldn’t be done gently, since it is kind of guarantee of the effective stay. However, it is primarily the agency that’s standing to become your option if something goes completely wrong. All of this support includes a cost. You have to therefore be financially prepared. Prices vary based on the number of people in the group, whether or not this includes the variation of cost rise or otherwise, whether or not this includes airfare or otherwise and whether or not this includes tourist taxes or otherwise. Finally, we mustn’t ignore the physical preparation. Without having to be a sports athlete, an exercise and morality are indispensable. A preparation of 3 to 4 several weeks prior to the intended date of departure cannot hurt.

So if you are interested in challenging yourself by climbing Mt Kilimanjaro, contact any of the various safari tour operators who will certainly transform your Kilimanjaro Safari Tanzania into a dream come true.

Best time to Visit Tanzania

Best time to visit Tanzania, Tanzania Safari time , When to go for Tanzania Safari .

Tanzania location  ,

Tanzania is situated in Eastern Africa and neighbored by Uganda plus Kenya to the north, Mozambique, Zambia and Malawi in the south, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Burundi to the west, and the large Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania is one of the favorite tourist destinations in the whole of Africa so feel free to enjoy any of the Tanzania Safaris.

Because of its adjacent location to the Equator, the country experiences two major climate changes; the wet season (from March to May, and the dry season (from December to March). However, the best time to visit depends in mainly what you plan to do or see.

Tanzania’s Dry Season; Calving of Wildebeests

From December till February it is the warm, dry season, while February symbols the beginning of the calving period for the country’s wildebeests.  During this period, the average temperature is about 20 degrees Celsius though it may rise to 30 degrees Celsius. For that reason, it is advised that you carry majorly cotton clothing plus sun-glasses and not to forget hats for personal health purposes.

Towards the finish of February closing in to March, there are several climatic variations because the temperatures start cooling down falling to less than 20 degrees Celsius, and this period is characterized by irregular rains which increase through April as well as May. However, March is one among the best times to enjoy Game viewing.

Tanzania’s Wet Season

Heavy rains start in April and all through May, resulting into poor roads hence making access to the various tourist destinations quite challenging by road transport. For that matter unless traveling with a Seasoned-Safari-Group, it is not recommended to travel during this time of the year. Fortunately, the rains usually begin early in the morning clearing up by mid-day so there is no need for worry about being stranded indoors for long!

From June up to October, the country experiences a moderate season and it is this time that it receives most tourists, particularly between July and August. This is mainly attributed to the lower temperatures which permit tourists to travel around without worry and discomfort of the excessive heat. Furthermore, from June although to October, this is the best time to enjoy a hike on the renowned Mount Kilimanjaro. On average, the temperatures fall between 10 degrees to a maximum of 23 degrees along the Tanzanian Coast.

November; the great Eurasia Bird Migration

Finally, November symbols the beginning of yet another season of irregular rains with possibilities of explode floods. Nonetheless, through this month several bird species start arriving all the way from Eurasia, and this makes it the most ideal time to watch birds. Towards the finish of November, the temperature yet again begins to rise up to an average of 15 to 20 degrees Celsius.

From this summary, you can generally notice that the temperature rarely fall below 10 degrees Celsius although the can reach as high as 30 degrees Celsius or more. However, very month symbols an exceptional event, for instance February marks the wildebeests’ calving while November marks the great Eurasia migration of birds. Therefore when you look at hotels in Tanzania make sure you have one close to what you want to see and or do.

For that matter therefore, as you book into any of the Hotels in Tanzania, ensure that you get on near to where you will be enjoying your adventure.

Gorilla Trekking in Africa

Gorilla Trekking Uganda- Africa Gorilla Trekking Guide

Gorilla trekking is becoming over and over again a house gold name on every ones what do list when in Africa and particularly to the East African region. Gorillas are gentle and special specie of primates that share aver 98% of human DNA.These splendid and highly endangered great apes still live only in Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. In Uganda these endangered mountain gorillas are tracked in two national parks that’s Bwindi impenetrable national park and Mgahinga gorilla forest national park both located in the south western part of Uganda in a distance of about 8-10 hours’ drive from the Kampala the capital city. In Rwanda these species are found in the Volcanoes national park located in the northwestern part of Rwanda in Ruhengeri Musanze district just about 2-3 hours’ drive from Rwanda’s capital city of Kigali and in DR Congo these giant apes are tracked in the Virunga National park.

Mountain gorilla tracking experience is the same in all countries however when it comes to gorilla tracking fees; charges totally differ depending on tourism boards of each country. Mountain gorilla tracking is most expensive to see in Rwanda as a permit here costs a whooping USD 750 per person per tracking, in Uganda a permit costs USD 600 per person while in the Democratic republic of Congo a permit costs $400 USD inclusive of park entry fee and ranger guides.

Uganda offers the most permits with up to 12 gorilla families 2 groups are for research purpose(at most, 96 permits would be given out each day) followed by Rwanda which has 10 gorilla families and two gorilla families are research purpose, Democratic Republic of Congo has only 5 gorilla family with only three groups that are most tracked by travelers (The number of families accessible to travelers changes each year depending on how governments balance the need for tourist income and the need for research.). However, to avoid distressing the shy animals, only eight members are allowed to visit in each group per day to hike in search of each gorilla family habituated to human observers sharing almost 95% of human genes. In DRC, sometimes six people only allowed to track inn each group each day in order to reduce the chance of gorillas catching human diseases.

In all countries having a gorilla permits is a guarantee for tracking, however sighting is not a guarantee, but since gorillas are followed on a daily basis, sighting in all locations is up to 98% and above. Tracking in both locations may be sometimes herd as the path to meet these giants may involve passing through muddy, steep mountain slopes for several hours so a reasonable degree of fitness is needed as tracking, may go from a half to full day and don’t forget tracking gears like sturdy pair of walking shoes, long sleeved shirts or blouses, walking sticks, this is provided at the park headquarters, bottled water and sometimes packed lunch. But if lucky you may find these giant apes feeding on the lower slopes or even raid farmers fields outside park boundaries, you may encounter them within 45-1 hour of the trailhead. Once they are met of course you will forget all the troubles you’ve gone through during the process of searching them and utilize the one hour you are allowed to stay with them while observing and taking photography and you reminded to keep a distance of 23 feet (7metres) from each animal.

In terms of sighting Rwanda offers the best clear photography because the upper slopes of volcanoes national park have open fields and stands of bamboo forest where leafy vegetation is not so thick. Since bwindi is an impenetrable forest clear views are not always possible, mothers and baby gorillas can be high up a tree feeding or playing and huge silverback always like to take nap inside dense thickets, but of course on each day you have find gorillas in their habitat and photography can be possible and whatever the case may be gorilla tracking experience remains the same.

In terms of distance to the gorilla parks Rwanda’s park is the most closest when you compare it to Bwindi and Mgahinga Uganda national park and Virungas national park in DRC. Its two hours by car and on good roads from Kigali Rwanda’s capital and largest city to volcanoes national park and also it is the closest to an international airport Kanombe, this means that a one day gorilla safari to Rwanda is possible, if you sleep in Kigali and you want to track gorillas, you have to drive very early in the morning and report to the park headquarters ( kiningi) before its 7:00 then join other trackers to receive short briefing before you head into the jungle for the activity. To reach Bwindi national park is ten hours by road from Entebbe, or a two-hour charter flight from Entebbe to Kihihi airfield , The Virungas National Park can be reached by a half-day road drive from Kigali, but you might encounter delays at the border securing a DRC tourist visa.

When it comes to accommodation option, each country offers good places to stay from up market to budget accommodation. To mention some of the accommodation facilities in Bwindi include Clouds Mountain Gorilla Lodge, Chameleon Hill lodge, Silverback Lodge, Buhoma Lodge, Lake Mutanda Lodge, Gorilla safari Lodge(Luxury), Gorilla Mist, Ruhija Gorilla Friend camp (mid -range), Wagtail (budge). Rwanda has Sabyinya Silverback Lodge, Gorilla Nest Lodge (luxury), Le Bombou Lodge (mid-range), Kinigi Guest House (budget). In the DRC you can sleep at Coco Lodge (Luxury)/Orchid safari Lodge (Mid-Range)/Hotel Horizon (Budget).

To avoid harassing the shy animals and disturbing them in their habitat, just eight travelers per day are permitted to hike in search of each gorilla family habituated to human observers. Rwanda offers the most permits, with up to ten gorilla families allotted for tourism (at most, 80 permits would be given out each day); Uganda, up to eight families; the DRC, five families. The number of families accessible to travelers changes each year depending on how governments balance the need for tourist income and the need for research. To reduce the chance of gorillas catching human diseases, the DRC sometimes limits the size of trekking groups to six people.

Because gorillas are followed on a daily basis, a sighting in all the locations is virtually guaranteed. You need to be fit because your path may take you up to muddy, steep mountain slopes for several hours. Sometimes gorillas feed on lower slopes or even raid farmer’s fields outside park boundaries. Once gorillas are located, travelers are limited to one hour of observation and photography, and they must try to keep at least 23 feet from each animal.

Because foliage can be dense, clear views are not always possible. Gorilla mothers and babies might be high up a tree feeding or playing. Like human dads trying to escape the kids and grab some shut eye, the huge, charismatic silverbacks that everyone wants to photograph inconveniently like to nap inside dense thickets. Although it’s a crapshoot in what kind of vegetation and in what lighting conditions you will find gorillas on a given day, Rwanda offers the best prospects for unobstructed photographs because the upper slopes of Volcanoes Park have open meadows and stands of bamboo forest where leafy vegetation is not so thick.

When it comes to hospitality, Uganda is a force to reckon with. Ugandans are very hospitable and they welcome whoever comes into their country with widely open hands. The other 2 countries welcome visitors but not to the extent of Ugandans. The other attribute with Uganda is that they widely speak English which aids so much communication between them and any visitor unlike Rwanda and Congo which mostly use their local dialects and French. So this gives Uganda an upper hand over those countries due to the fact that the greatest numbers of visitors speak English more than French.

Gorillas are special primates with over 98% of its DNA human. Gorillas are of two species i.e mountain gorillas and lowland gorillas. The mountain gorilla is one of the two subspecies of gorillas. Gorillas are ground-dwelling, predominantly herbivorous apes that inhabit the forests of East Africa. There are two populations. One is found in the Virunga volcanic mountains of East Africa within three National Parks: Mgahinga, in south-west Uganda, Volcanoes in north-west Rwanda and Virunga in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The other is found in Uganda’s Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. Some primatologists consider the Bwindi population in Uganda as may be a separate subspecies though no description has been concluded to ascertain this.

Few animals have sparked the imagination of man as much as the gorilla, the largest of the living primates and the last member of the ape family known to science. Most gorillas live in inaccessible regions in various dense forests in tropical Africa, and only in the last 30 years have scientists learned details of their life in the wild.

A chain of eight volcanoes known as the Virunga Volcanoes runs through a western section of the Rift Valley, forming part of the border between Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda. These spectacular mountains and the nearby Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in Uganda are the last refuges of the most endangered of the gorilla subspecies, the mountain gorilla.

Mountain gorillas are as shy as they are strong. But when threatened, they can be aggressive. They beat their chests and let out angry grunts and roars. Group leaders will charge at the threat. Mothers will fight to the death to protect their young.

Mountain gorillas live in groups of up to 30. The group or family is led by a silverback. These males are called silverbacks because of the silver stripe they develop on their backs when they mature. The oldest males of the group are at least 12 years old. These troops also include several younger males, adult and juvenile females, and infants.

In addition to providing protection to group members, silverbacks maintain order and decide all activities within their troop. They schedule feeding trips, resting time, and travel. They also father the majority of the young in the group.

Female mountain gorillas can produce young ones beginning at age 10. They carry one or two babies at a time and give birth after 8.5-month gestation period. In general, they will bear between two and six offspring in a lifetime.

The gorilla is massive, with a short, thick trunk and broad chest and shoulders. Its eyes and ears are dwarfed by its large head and hairless, shiny black muzzle. Older males develop a crown of muscle and hair that makes the head look even longer. The arms are longer than the stubby legs. The fully adult male mountain gorilla is twice as large as the female.

The most serious threat to gorillas is habitat loss. The rich volcanic soil of the Virunga is as highly valued as farming land. In Rwanda, Uganda and Congo, a regional conservation program stressing the importance of maintaining the virgin forest watershed and the need to habituate some groups of gorillas for tourist visits has helped ease encroachment.

The gorilla is shy and retiring rather than ferocious and treacherous. It usually seeks no trouble unless harassed but will valiantly defend its family group if threatened. Family groups are close-knit and may have up to 30 members, but even if smaller, the group usually consists of at least one older male, one or more females and a few juveniles. Because gorillas are nomadic, they build new nests each day at dusk, constructing them of bent branches in a tree or of grasses on the ground.

A group’s hierarchy, ritualized behavior and bluff charges between males prevent conflict among and between groups. Gorillas scream, grab foliage and stuff it in their mouths, stand erect on their hind legs, tear up and throw plants, drum on the chest with hands or fists, stamp their feet, strike the ground with the palms of their hands and gallop in a mock attack on all fours.

Animals of this size need a lot of food, and the vegetarian gorilla is no exception. Although they eat a variety of plants, favorites include wild celery, bamboo, thistles, stinging nettles, bedstraw and certain fruit. These plants seem to provide sufficient moisture so that gorillas do not need water.

Mountain gorillas have a slow rate of reproduction. Females give birth for the first time at about age 10 and will have more offspring every three or four years. A male begins to breed between 12 and 15 years, when he is in charge of his own group. Able to conceive for only about three days each month, the female produces a single young.

Newborn gorillas are weak and tiny, weighing in at about 4 pounds. Their movements are as awkward as those of human infants, but their development is roughly twice as fast. At 3 or 4 months, the gorilla infant can sit upright and can stand with support soon after. It suckles regularly for about a year and is gradually weaned at about 31/2 years, when it becomes more independent.

The gorilla’s only known enemies are leopards and humans. Crocodiles are potentially dangerous to lowland gorillas. In western Africa, gorillas are commonly hunted for meat or in retaliation for crop raiding, but in eastern Africa they have been the victims of snares and traps set for antelope and other animals. Poachers have also destroyed entire family groups in their attempts to capture infant gorillas for zoos, while others are killed to sell their heads and hands as trophies.

Uganda is really an endowed country with almost everything that you would love to see on your successful vacation. Uganda boasts of over 10 national parks however, of these only 2 of them inhabit these mountain gorillas;

Bwindi impenetrable national park

Bwindi national park is a true rain forest found in the western side of Uganda. Tourism in this forest        is based on gorilla tracking; slightly half of the mountain gorillas reside here. An estimation of 280-320 individuals living in 15 troops. Given the focus on gorillas, it came as a surprise that Bwindi harbors at least 92 mammal species.

The list consists of small mammals such as rodents, bats. But it does include eleven types of primates including a healthy chimpanzee population and five varieties of monkeys most visible is the blue monkey, black and white colobus. Of so called big five, only elephants are present a herd of 30 animals in the south eastern part of the park which is of no more than academic interest to tourists.

The park is also blessed with 345 confirmed and five unconfirmed species of birds, a high figure when compared to other national parks. Of the particular interest to birders are the 23 species endemics to the Albertine Rift and at least 14 species recorded now where elsewhere, among them the African green broadbill, white tailed blue fly catcher, brown-necked parrot and others. Among the most interesting and colorful birds that are likely to be seen by casual visitors are the harrier hawk, mountain buzzard, olive pigeon, white-headed wood hoopoe and any number of confusingly similar and greenbuls.

Bwindi impenetrable national park can be accessed by either a flight or by road. When one uses chartered flight, you board an Aero link chartered plane from Entebbe in Kajjansi and then locate to an air strip in either Kasese or Kihihi from where a vehicle picks you and drives you to your hotel .Yet by road, it is a distance of 414 km from Kampala to Kabale on bitumen surface and takes 6-7 hours. An additional 120km from Kabale to Buhoma Park Headquarters via Kanungu and Kanyantoroogo on murram surface takes 3-4 hours and many require a 4WD vehicle. Kabale-Ruhija-Buhoma is 95 kilometers and takes 3-4 hours. This road is not frequently used by the public. A 4WD is recommended.

Bwindi national park has over 11 gorilla families and one of these called Kyaguriro family in Ruhija is gazetted for study purposes and research and then the remaining 10 are habituated for trekking. Mountain gorilla habituations takes between 2-3 years and below are the gorilla families habituated in Bwindi impenetrable forest national park;

Nkuringo

This family derives its name from the hill where this group was first spotted, Nkuringo hill. Nkuringo actually means “round hill” in the local language. Nkuringo is different from other hills in the neighborhood by having a rounded crest and no peak. The Family has 19 members including 2 silverbacks.

Habinyanja

This family boasts of 15 members including two silverbacks and was first seen near a swamp (“Nyanja” in the local language) in Bwindi impenetrable forest. This group has two mature males that are always seen fighting for supremacy within the family and the leading female “Kisho”heads the females.

Nshonji

This group was first sighted near river Nshonji and is the largest in Bwindi Impenetrable Park with 36 members including five silverbacks. It was named after river Nshonji which is close to where this group was first spotted. Although most gorilla families consist of 25 members with one or two silver backs, with this family it is another story since it surpasses that number. Another remarkable feature with this family is that it is led by Nshongi who is not even the oldest silverback in the group.

Mubare

This is presently the smallest family with only 7 members including 1 silver back. It’s is also the oldest family, spotted in the park in early 1990s, and was first seen in the middle of the park on Mubare hills. It was led by the late Ruhondeza who died in 2013 after a serious battle with a black back who has raided and expanded the family to 9 members currently.

Bitukula

This group was named after River Bitukula where the family members were first spotted, Bitukula family boasts of 12 members including 4 sliver backs. Habituation of this group began in 2007 and the group was opened in for tourism in 2008.This was relatively easy group to habituate compared to other groups that take a long time to be habituated.

Rushegula

This group located in the Buhoma part of Bwindi impenetrable park and has 19 members including one silverback. The trekking of this group starts at Buhoma Park head offices. Accommodations are also convenient in Buhoma that provides both Luxury and Budget accommodation. The trekking point is Buhoma in the North-West of the Park.

Mishaya

This family has 10 members including 1 silverback. It originally broke off from Nshongi group and is one of the newest in the park. In 2010, silver back Mishaya decided to leave the Nshongi gorilla group with some females and started his own group. He is a typical fighter and was able to gather more females from other non-habituated groups in the area reaching a total size of 10 members.

Oruzogo

This is one of the recently opened groups for visitor access in Bwindi impenetrable national park This family is situated between Ruhija area and is led by a dominant Silverback “Tibirikwata”. It’s the latest habituated gorilla family and was opened for tourism on in 2011. This increased the great opportunity for more visitors to track the gorillas in Bwindi national park. It’s one of the most popular families with tourists not just because of the size but the playful and energetic juveniles and toddlers in the group.

Kahungye

The size of this group is 13 members with 3 silverbacks which are the only ones named. The dominant Silverback is called Rumansi followed by the other two old male gorillas named Rwigi and Ruhamuka. The group was opened for visitors and gorilla tracking in 2011 but in less than a year the group split, creating the new Busingye Gorilla Family. Before the separation, the family consisted of 27 individuals including 3 silverbacks. Busingye is one of the newest groups in the park found in the Rushaga sector close to the Nshongi and Mishaya gorilla groups.

Kyaguriro

This is another habituated Gorilla Group that is not visited by tourists and has been reserved for research and other studies. Keeping contact with this group, helps conservationists to learn more about the mountain gorillas of Bwindi, including some remarkable differences with the mountain gorillas that live in the Virunga Volcanoes. This group is found near Bitukura and Oruzogo in Ruhija sector on the North-East side of the park.

Mgahinga national park.

Another Ugandan national park where gorilla trekking takes place is Mgahinga national park. Mgahinga national park protects the Ugandan part of the Virunga Mountains and it is the smallest among the Uganda’s national parks. It is a wonderfully scenic national park with panoramic views stretching northwards as far as Bwindi hills and a southern skyline dominated by steep volcanic cones of Virungas, one of the most memorable sights in East Africa.

It is best known by tourists for gorilla tracking. Oddly enough, no gorillas live permanently with in the park, but a fair move freely between Uganda and the neighboring parc des vocans in Rwanda and one habituated troop frequently spend months at a stretch with in Mgahinga. Possibly due to un certainty surrounding the presence of gorillas, mgahinga offers a far broader range of activities than any other of the mountain reserves. Caving, forest walks, and hikes to three volcanic peaks that lie partly with in Uganda

The national parks office in Kisoro always has current information regarding Mgahinga as well as sometimes stocking maps and pamphlets. So anybody who enjoys challenging day hikes or has an interest in natural history could happily spend a week based at mgahinga without ever going gorilla tracking. This coupled with the experienced gorilla expeditions; you can live to remember this safari.

Just like Bwindi impenetrable national park, Mgahinga national park can be accessed either by road or by air. By Road from Kampala to Kisoro it’s about 520kms drive about 8-9 hours. By Air: You can get a charter plane from Entebbe or Kajansi to Kisoro Airstrip from where you can connect to Mgahinga national park. You can also access this park from Rwanda and Congo.

The Park has only one Gorilla Family named Nyakagezi Group. The group is open for tourism but as per now, it is currently not bookable at Uganda Wildlife Authorities as it has a very large range and keeps on crossing from Uganda to Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo. It is composed of 9 members with 3 Silverbacks.